Hive13 Heatmaster 6000 Kiln

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Jewelry Making

Hive13 Equipment
List of All Documented Equipment
Thermolyne Type 6000 Kiln at Arrival - outside.jpg
Owner/Loaner: Hive13
Hive13 Asset Tag: HV----
Make/Model: Thermolyne Type 6000 (google)
Arrival Date: December 2019
Does it work?: no
Certification Needed?: yes
Contact: Kevin M
Floorplan: Hot Crafts Area

About this Item

This kiln was donated to Hive13 by a gold and silversmith who used it for enameling and wanted to help spread the art to new people. It was in very poor condition on arrival, all fasteners were heavily rusted, the kiln floor and walls were heavily erroded and contaminated with enamel, and the case and electrical cabinet were covered in a thick layer of dirt, dust, and rust.

It was originally a Thermolyne Type 6000 Kiln (Model Number F6020C), with a very basic single-temperature temperature controller.

A member vote was passed in Summer 2021 to purchase a programable ramp/soak controller similar to the one on our Paragon SC2 kiln so that this kiln could be used for more activities that require programable function, like ceramics, glasswork, and wax burnout for casting.

While installing the new temperature controller (Fall 2021), Kevin decided the kiln really needed to be thoroughly cleaned and refurbished. It was fully disassembled, the case blasted and painted, all screws, washers, and nuts replaced with stainless steel hardware, and reassembled. The Rebuild was finished on November 16th, 2021.

From the Manufacturer: "Features an 860 cubic inch heating chamber, width 12 3/4 inches wide x 6 3/4 high x 10 inches deep. Embedded heating elements provide uniform chamber gradient. Maximum operating temperature is 1093°C."

The model we have is designed to draw 18.3 amps at 240vac (4400W). Real measurements put the actual current draw closer to 19.3 amps, with the receptacle in hot crafts measuring 246 vac, for a total power closer to 4750W.

Starting A Program

  1. Check if it is on already and if it is in a cycle. If cycling, let it finish. DO NOT OPEN THE ANNEALER IF IT IS CYCLING, ANNEALING GLASS. Opening the annealer at any time it is not holding the loading temperature for loading or cooled to below 125F will cause the glass in it to crack. If off, or cycle is complete and temperature has reached under 125F, empty the annealer of any annealed pieces.
  2. If off, flip switch up to turn on. wait for the temperature controller to boot up and the display to reach a stable rotation of information. If it says anything other than Idle/<Current Temp>, press the Start/Stop/Enter/Program button till it says Idle/<Current Temp>.
  3. Press the Start/Stop/Enter/Program button to enter the program group list.
  4. Press Up Arrow/Higher button to scroll through the program groups (USER has our custom programs in it, like for glass, read the controller manual for the others)
  5. Press the Start/Stop/Enter/Program button to select the program group and view the list of programs.
  6. Press Up Arrow/Higher button to scroll through the available programs till the display says the program you want. Only the up arrow may be used to scroll through the list, if you go past the program you need, just keep scrolling up till it comes back around.
    1. PR01 is programmed for Garaging and Annealing Soft Glass
    2. PR02 is programmed for Garaging and Annealing Borosilicate Glass
    3. PR03 is programmed for Lost Wax Burnout
  7. Once the desired program is located, press the Down Arrow/Lower/Delay/Review button to enter the "Review" mode for that program. The "Review" light will turn on, and the screen will begin cycling through the steps of the program.
  8. Press the Start/Stop/Enter/Program button to start the program.
  9. The display should show “-ON-” and the run light should start blinking (if not, Press the Start/Stop/Enter/Program button again). In a few moments the red light below the controller should turn on indicating the annealer is heating.
  10. While running, the display will indicate the current temperature of the annealer. Do not load any glass in the annealer until it reaches at least 925F. Loading glass in the annealer at less than 925F can cause it to crack.

Starting Annealing For Glass Programs

When you are done making and loading glass pieces, and ready for the annealing to begin, you must skip the infinite hold that is programmed in for garaging/loading.

  1. Press the Up Arrow/Higher button till the "SStp" (Skip Step) option appears on the screen.
  2. Press the Start/Stop/Enter button to select the "SStp" (Skip Step) option.
  3. The screen will display "Hld1", press the Start/Stop/Enter button to confirm you want to skip step Hold 1
  4. The screen should now no longer be flashing between a temperature and "99:59" as it was during the infinite hold garaging step, instead it will display the temperature and begin to ramp up the temperature to the annealing temperature. Once the annealing temperature is reached, it will begin to flash between the current temp and the remaining hold time (starts at 1 hours and counts down).
  5. The full annealing cycle takes between 2 and 3 hours to run, and then an additional 2-3 hours for the kiln to cool to unloading temperature (below 125f). Do not open the kiln till it reaches unloading temperature (below 125f).


Controller Configuration

Configuration Options

Setting Value Notes
SPD YES Enable Speed Fire Programs
JWL YES Enable Jewelry Casting Burnout Programs
CLAY YES Enable Precious Metal Clay Firing Programs
CONE YES Enable Cone Fire Programs
CLAY ??? In manual as duplicate, think is typo
USER YES Enable User Defined Programs
TC K K Type Thermocouple
F/C F Fahrenheit Temperature Units
PID BRCK PID Values for Brick Construction Kiln (Vs. Fiber; Invested Elements add enough mass to make it act like a brick kiln)
SPCL OFF OFF disables PID loop for FULL power heating ramps, heating faster
RCVR 1799 Not in Manual, 1799 is default, max ramp rate maybe?
SFTY 2000 Maximum Kiln Temperature
USR 25 Number of User Programs Available
AOP1 SAFE Sets Output 2 to control the Safety Relay
DELA DFLt Default, Manual does not clarify, something to do with Delay Start Mode

Level 1 Options

Setting Value Notes
SKIP * Skip the current hold step
HLDT * Add time to the current hold segment
CHGT * Change the current target temperature
DELA DFLT Resets the delay time setting to 0 after every firing
TC K K type thermocouple
ALAR 032 Threshold Alarm, rings buzzer when kiln reaches the set temperature, press up/down to clear, 032 means off
DIAG/TEST * View output amps or test outputs
F/C F Fahrenheit Temperature Units
LIM 2000 Sets temperature limit at which alarm is triggered and firing aborted
COST * View Calculated Firing Cost if KW and CENT are set

Level 2 Options

Setting Value Notes
OFST 0 Adjusts final ramp of conefire programs
TCOS 0 Thermocouple Offset
TEDE 100 Operating temperature deviation limit to trigger alarm
HTDE 100 High temperature deviation limit to trigger alarm
LOCK PASS/3 Allows cone fire programs and user programs to be locked with a passcode
AOP1 ??? Manual says should be here, doesn't show up, seems to only be in config settings
ELEC * View electronics temperature

Level 3 Options

Setting Value Notes
COOL OFF Turn on to add a cooling ramp at the end of cone fire programs
RATE HOUR Ramp units are Degrees per Hour
CENT 0 Cost of electricity in Cents per KWH
KW 4.750 The power consumption of the kiln when heating in KW
LOCK PASS/3 Allows cone fire programs and user programs to be locked with a passcode
SFTY * View SFTY max temp setting
SOFT * View software version number
CFG * View Factory Configuration number (model of controller hardware)
RST NO Change to YES to reset the controller settings (please don't do this...)